The Rangarl are dyers of cotton thread and clothes. They also Identify themselves* as the Kshatriya Bhaosar In order to Indicate the status of their community. Russell and Hiralal (1916) have treated the Chippa, Rangarl and Bhaosa in the same account In spite of the fact that they neither inter-marry nor line together.
The etymological meaning of the word Rangarl means a dyer. They derive their origin from the myth that Parsuram, a Brahmin saint killed off all the Kshatriyas. At the time of his attack a few Kshatriya children were playing In the temple of Hin-galambika. The children in fear ran and took refuge to save their lives. The goddess came to their rescue and told Parsuram that they were not Kshatriyas but dyers. The goddess taught them the art of dyeing and they left the tradition of Kshatriyas in order to earn their livelihood by dyeing cotton thread and clothes. They further identify themselves as Bhaosar.
They live in the Nanded, Latur. Jalna, Osmanabad, Yeotmal. Akola, Amra-vati. Sholapur, Buldana, Greater Bombay, Pune and Jalgaon districts of Maharashtra State in quite good numbers. They live In the Deccan plateau where the climate is marked by medium rainfall and medium temperature with scanty growth of forest. They speak Marathi as their mother tongue. Some of them understand Hindi and Urdu. They are included in the other backward classes by the Government of Maharashtra