Agaravala – Agarwal
Forward Caste with a total Population 3 million (including Hindu and Jain).
97% Hindu and 3% Jains . Hindu Argawal are Vaisnavas (Vishnu worshipers) and vegetarians and are close in custom to Jains and can easily marry between Jain and Hindu Argawal and the wife adopts the religion of the husband.
One of the most important castes of Digambara Jains.
Further sub-divided into 18 exogamous sections – also are divided into Visa and Dasa like the Bania castes. From Agroha –believed to be decendents of King Agra Sena of Campavati in North India. His sons established Agroha in Punjab.
Bainia Jain Castes (and Argawal)
I) North India Jain Castes
These castes are mainly found in the Northern India including Gujarat, Kathiawar and upper districts of Madhya Pradesh. These castes are found in the Deccan and South India, but they have migrated there from the North for commercial purposes. The Jain castes of the North have their counterparts in other communities. Thus Argaravalas, Osavalas, Srimalis etc. are found among Hindu also. In these castes Digambara and Swetambara divisions are found. The Jain Bania Sub-Castes are divided into Visa and Dasa (except for the Khandelavala). There is a stigma to the Dasa section. It arose mainly over the issue of widow marriage. The castes in the North are rich and follow big scale commercial activities.
Osavala- Oswal – Bania sub-caste
Further sub-divided into 1444 exogamous sections
Name is derived from the town of Osiya or Osiyanagara in Marwar Rajastan.
Mostly are Swetembara Jains. Concentrated in Rajastan, Malwa, Gujarat and Kutch. Being adventurous they will be found in every major city.There are many sub-divisions of Osavala. Some divisions are named after birds and animals. Hirana sub-sect name means deer.
Srimali – Bania sub-caste
Further sub-divided into 135 exogamous sections
Caste of jain Banias
Concentrated in Gujarat, Kathiawar and Rajasthan
There are some Hindu but they are mostly Swetembara Jains. Claim the largest number among the castes following Svetamabara sect.
Name Srimali is derived from Srimala (modern Bhinmala) boarder of Marwar.
Because of their great number among Swetembara they occupay a prominent position.
Poravada- Paravada, One of the important castes of Bania Jains.
Further sub-divided into 24 exogamous sections
They are further sub-divided by their palce of residence ie. Surati, Ahamadabadi, ect. Practically all these divisions are found in Bombay city but there also they live in separate groups.
Found mainly in Marwar, Gujaratha, Kathiawar and Cutch.
Some Poravada among Hindu. Among Jains they are found in both Swetambara and Digambaras, but they are mostly Swetambaras.
Poravadas claim to have produced very capable persons most prominent among them are Vilma Saha and Vastupala and Tejapala, the well known ministers of king Vira Dhavala in the 13th century.
Khandelavala – of Bania jains
Further sub-divided into 84 exogamous sections
They are big bankers commercal magnates and land-holders.
They are found among Hindu but they are mostly jains. They are all Digambara jains. They are spread in Majasthan Malsa Maharashtra Uttar Pradesh Madhya Pradesh and Bihar, but more than three-forths are concentrated in Rajputana and Malwa.
Khandelavala take their name from a capital town in Jaipur. There were 84 towns in Khandelavala thus 84 exoamous sections.
Paravara – Bania sub-sect
Further sub-divided into 2 exogamous sections Atha Sake Paravaras and Cau Sake Paravaras.
The Paravas have an infirier division called Binaikiya, which consists of offspring of irregular unions and of widows who have remarried. Persons who have committed a caste offence is relegated to this sub-caste. The Binaikiya are gaining in number and with that social status. They have constructed some of their own temples.
They are found aming the Hindu but they are mostly Jans. They are mainly Digambar Jains. They are spread over a wide area of Madya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Rajashan, Malwa, Bihar and Bombay but they are concentrated in Madya pradesh where more than half their population resides. In Madya pradesh they are found almost intirely in Sagar, Damoha and Jabalpur districts. It seems likely that the Paravars may be identical with Poravads in which case they belong to Rajputana.