Archive for the ‘Missions’ Category

Bishnoi

Posted: March 18, 2012 in Great Commission, Missions

The name Bishnoi is derived from the words ‘bis’ (twenty) and ‘nau’ (nine), and thus denotes the twenty-nine tenets of their faith. The name Bishnoi is associated with that of Lord Vishnu incarnated as Tanbhoji.

The Bishnoi are believed to have descended from a number of commtmities like the Jar, Bania, Rajput, Khati and Gaena. On becoming Bishnoi, they commonly give up their caste names and call themselves after their new creed. They are followers of the great Hindu reformer Jambaji, who was born in Bikaner state in AD 1451. They have four religious texts, namely the Jambo Sagra, Jambo Gita, Jambasor and Sabtakki Bansi.

The Vishnoi of Madhya Pradesh are popularly known as Marwari as they originally belonged to the Marwar region of Rajasthan. They use Rama as their surname. Their attitude towards education is negative. They use both traditional and modern medicare. There are teachers, government employees and political leaders among them.

They now live in Rajasthan, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh. In They live in Rajasthan in the districts of Barmer, Jalor, Jodhpur, Jaisalmer and Bikaner.

Language They speak Marwari among themselves and Hindi with others

Bishnoi of Rajasthan

South Asia Embrace

South Asian peoples make up the greatest concentration of lostness on earth. Some of those people are still unreached and unengaged (UUPG – unengaged unreached people groups). The Ends of the Earth describes peoples who have no known church planting work among them.

What can you and your church do?

Learn. Find out more about what it means to Embrace an Ends of the Earth UUPG at www.Call2Embrace.org.

Pray. Download the South Asian Peoples Ends of the Earth prayer guide. (Or, get printed copies at IMB.org). Subscribe to South Asia stories and prayer updates, so you can stay up-to-date on South Asian Peoples’ prayer, events, stories and resources.

Embrace. South Asia is home to over 1,700 people groups. Of this number, over 900 are still unengaged unreached people groups (UUPGs). Amazingly, 200 of these represent over 95% of the total UUPG population. We’ve selected the highest priority people groups for your church to consider. Choose one as an integral part of your Great Commission participation. Learn more about what it means to embrace a people group.

Click on areas of the map below to see priority people groups.
The overall top 10 people groups are shown below the map.

[If the map does not work in your browser use these number links: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 ]

Top 10 South Asian UUPGs

  Area PEID Country People Group Population Primary Religion
1 Pakistan & Kashmir 6372 Pakistan Kolai 435,022 Islam
2 Northwest India 47953 India Gujjar (Marwari) 2,577,752 Hinduism
3 North India & West Nepal 47955 India Gadaria Awadhi 4,382,214 Hinduism
4 East Nepal, Bhutan & East India 41258 India Kalwar 3,232,405 Hinduism
5 Bangladesh & Northeast India 48006 India Bania (Assamese) 1,347,292 Hinduism
6 Central India 47903 India Mali (Marathi) 2,934,357 Hinduism
7 East India 48197 India Bangladeshi Muslims 3,720,029 Islam
8 South-Central India 47967 India Kalal (Kannada) 740,615 Hinduism
9 South India, Maldives & Sri Lanka 41247 India Mappila 8,603,290 Islam
10 Diaspora 11915 Saudi Arabia Bengali 1,576,767 Islam – Sunni

Sonar information on Peoplegroups.org    

Sonar other names: Soni, Ashtat, Astha, Ausala, Bakwar, Bhatti, Chaganara, Dawar, Dhume, Jhadi

Pop ID people name population language religion
46072 Mahratta (Marathi) 26,127,877 Marathi – (mar) Hinduism
46073 Mahratta (Marathi) 24,170,296 Marathi – (mar) Hinduism
41244 Bhil 11,074,673 Bhili – (bhb) Other Religions – Ethno-Religion
41252 Sonar 7,771,318 Marathi – (mar) Hinduism
46241 Kunbi (Marathi) 6,362,441 Marathi – (mar) Hinduism
45927 Brahman (Hindi) 5,742,177 Hindi – (hin) Hinduism
48256 Gond (Hindi) 5,651,009 Hindi – (hin) Hinduism
46008 Chamar (Hindi) 5,513,058 Hindi – (hin) Hinduism
46010 Chamar (Hindi) 4,665,519 Hindi – (hin) Hinduism
41272 Mahar 4,654,511 Marathi – (mar) Other Religions – Ethno-Religion
46086 Rajput 4,225,745 Hindi – (hin) Hinduism
46084 Rajput 4,178,371 Hindi – (hin) Hinduism
46164 Shaikh (Urdu) 4,067,385 Urdu – (urd) Islam
41285 Koh 3,771,853 Hindi – (hin) Other Religions – Ethno-Religion
45930 Brahman (Hindi) 3,475,247 Hindi – (hin) Hinduism
41302 Kunbi (Marathi) 3,310,543 Marathi – (mar) Hinduism
45959 Brahman (Marathi) 2,983,758 Marathi – (mar) Hinduism
47903 Mali (Marathi) 2,838,438 Marathi – (mar) Hinduism
41310 Dhimar 2,641,221 Hindi – (hin) Hinduism
46294 Yadava (Hindi) 2,616,238 Hindi – (hin) Hinduism – Shivaism
41278 Kachchi 2,523,490 Hindi – (hin) Hinduism
41315 Mang 2,505,684 Marathi – (mar) Other Religions – Ethno-Religion
45960 Brahman (Marathi) 2,458,502 Marathi – (mar) Hinduism
46179 Shaikh (Marathi) 2,429,206 Marathi – (mar) Islam
47928 Lingayat (Marathi) 2,177,276 Marathi – (mar) Hinduism – Shivaism
41328 Meghval 2,110,375 Hindi – (hin) Other Religions – Ethno-Religion
48358 Lodha 1,930,721 Hindi – (hin) Hinduism
48034 Bania (Marathi) 1,922,346 Marathi – (mar) Hinduism
46166 Shaikh (Urdu) 1,773,096 Urdu – (urd) Islam
46049 Kurmi 1,747,407 Hindi – (hin) Hinduism
46074 Mahratta (Marathi) 1,720,201 Marathi – (mar) Hinduism
41471 Koli (Hindi) 1,575,204 Hindi – (hin) Hinduism
46205 Teli (Hindi) 1,556,909 Hindi – (hin) Hinduism
48257 Gond (Marathi) 1,544,029 Marathi – (mar) Hinduism
46033 Chamar, Bhambi (Marathi) 1,514,490 Marathi – (mar) Hinduism
47963 Jains (Marathi) 1,505,230 Marathi – (mar) Other Religions – Jainism
41316 Balai 1,400,955 Hindi – (hin) Hinduism
47947 Gujjar (Hindi) 1,341,015 Hindi – (hin) Hinduism
48407 Sayyid (Marathi) 1,270,304 Marathi – (mar) Islam
41370 Koli Mahadev 1,172,639 Marathi – (mar) Other Religions – Ethno-Religion
46222 Teli (Marathi) 1,155,487 Marathi – (mar) Other Religions – Ethno-Religion
46338 Pathan (Urdu) 1,133,544 Urdu – (urd) Islam
41403 Kokna 1,114,807 Marathi – (mar) Hinduism
47979 Banjara (Marathi) 1,031,775 Lambadi – (lmn) Hinduism
46264 Nai 1,029,021 Hindi – (hin) Hinduism
46322 Yadava (Marathi) 1,028,557 Marathi – (mar) Hinduism
48330 Kumhar (Baghelkhandi) 997,955 Bagheli – (bfy) Hinduism
41324 Koshti 961,231 Marathi – (mar) Hinduism
41391 Gowari 951,193 Marathi – (mar) Hinduism
41393 Kirar 919,707 Hindi – (hin) Hinduism
47956 Gadaria (Hindi) 915,444 Hindi – (hin) Hinduism
46340 Pathan (Urdu) 890,148 Urdu – (urd) Islam
46017 Chamar (Hindi) 885,267 Hindi – (hin) Other Religions – Ethno-Religion
48200 Badhai (Marathi) 876,084 Marathi – (mar) Hinduism
47959 Jain (Hindi) 870,129 Hindi – (hin) Other Religions – Jainism
41406 Varii 843,461 Varli – (vav) Other Religions – Ethno-Religion
41409 Bhilala 833,257 Wagdi – (wbr) Other Religions – Ethno-Religion
42066 Ager 792,179 Kannada – (kan) Other Religions – Ethno-Religion
46079 Mahratta (Hindi) 775,175 Hindi – (hin) Hinduism
46283 Nai, Magala (Marathi) 769,575 Marathi – (mar) Hinduism
41271 Darji (Marathi) 759,355 Marathi – (mar) Hinduism
41424 Ramoshi 751,959 Marathi – (mar) Hinduism
48329 Kumhar (Marathi) 729,667 Marathi – (mar) Hinduism
46036 Chamar (Bundelkhandi) 727,395 Bundeli – (bns) Hinduism
48158 Ansari-Momin (Marathi) 702,992 Marathi – (mar) Islam
41442 Mairal 649,742 Bengali – (ben) Hinduism
47920 Dhoba (Marathi) 622,010 Marathi – (mar) Hinduism
46126 Rajput (Marathi) 607,105 Marathi – (mar) Hinduism
46080 Mahratta (Hindi) 591,084 Hindi – (hin) Hinduism
47892 Lohar (Marathi) 569,315 Marathi – (mar) Hinduism
46034 Chamar, Bhambi (Marathi) 564,558 Chamari – (cdg) Other Religions – Ethno-Religion
41458 Basor 557,447 Bundeli – (bns) Hinduism
46130 Rajput (Malvi) 553,185 Malvi – (mup) Hinduism
41282 Sindhi (Marathi) 546,692 Sindhi – (snd) Hinduism
46245 Kunbi (Hindi) 524,852 Hindi – (hin) Hinduism
41467 Chaturtha 506,327 Marathi – (mar) Hinduism
48058 Bhoi (Chotra Bansi) 502,717 Marathi – (mar) Hinduism
47978 Banjara (Bundelkhandi) 492,230 Lambadi – (lmn) Hinduism
41473 Bhoyar 488,224 Hindi – (hin) Hinduism
41477 Thakur 481,609 Marathi – (mar) Other Religions – Ethno-Religion
46082 Mahratta (Khandeshi) 478,110 Khandesi – (khn) Hinduism
46131 Rajput (Nimadi) 472,201 Nimadi – (noe) Hinduism
46127 Rajput (Marathi) 465,297 Marathi – (mar) Hinduism
41341 Khati 459,594 Malvi – (mup) Hinduism
41486 Saharia 450,866 Hindi – (hin) Other Religions – Ethno-Religion
41490 Sirvi 446,801 Marwari (India) – (rwr) Hinduism
41489 Rangrez 446,634 Urdu – (urd) Hinduism
48438 Tamboli (Marathi) 408,560 Marathi – (mar) Hinduism
41423 Dangi 404,873 Hindi – (hin) Hinduism
41498 Baiga 399,141 Hindi – (hin) Other Religions – Ethno-Religion
48250 Gosain (Marathi) 398,907 Marathi – (mar) Hinduism
48168 Pinjara, Behna (Hindi) 389,726 Hindi – (hin) Islam
48220 Bhangi (Hindi) 377,453 Hindi – (hin) Hinduism
41550 Koli Dhor 361,874 Marathi – (mar) Hinduism
41516 Andh 354,446 Marathi – (mar) Other Religions – Ethno-Religion
47988 Sindhi (Hindi) 349,258 Sindhi – (snd) Hinduism
41520 Bagri 348,822 Malvi – (mup) Other Religions – Ethno-Religion
47954 Halba (Marathi) 347,978 Marathi – (mar) Hinduism
48054 Bhoi (Chotra Bansi) 339,213 Hindi – (hin) Hinduism
48408 Sayyid (Hindi) 335,716 Hindi – (hin) Islam
46037 Chamar (Bundelkhandi) 333,968 Bundeli – (bns) Hinduism
47930 Darji (Hindi) 317,536 Hindi – (hin) Hinduism
46067 Kurmi (Baghelkhandi) 310,059 Bagheli – (bfy) Hinduism
41551 Kathodi 296,037 Marathi – (mar) Hinduism
46095 Rajput 295,506 Hindi – (hin) Hinduism
48208 Beldar (Marathi) 284,167 Gujari – (gju) Hinduism
41554 Koli Malhar 282,913 Marathi – (mar) Hinduism
48224 Bohra 279,608 Gujarati – (guj) Islam
46044 Chamar (Baghelkhandi) 277,800 Bagheli – (bfy) Hinduism
41548 Korku 272,816 Korku – (kfq) Other Religions – Ethno-Religion
48354 Reddy 269,280 Telugu – (tel) Hinduism
46075 Mahratta (Marathi) 267,649 Marathi – (mar) Hinduism
46083 Mahratta (Konkani) 260,872 Konkani (individual language) – (knn) Hinduism
46252 Kunbi (Khandeshi) 257,251 Khandesi – (khn) Hinduism
46076 Mahratta (Marathi) 255,935 Marathi – (mar) Hinduism
48309 Khatik (Marathi) 251,653 Marathi – (mar) Hinduism
41562 Bhil 251,031 Hindi – (hin) Hinduism
48121 Jat 249,648 Panjabi – (pan) Other Religions – Sikhism
48226 Dhakad (Halbi) 243,839 Halbi – (hlb) Hinduism
48189 Bairagi (Hindi) 239,575 Hindi – (hin) Hinduism
46139 Rajput (Bundelkhandi) 236,041 Bundeli – (bns) Hinduism
47998 Bania, Agarwal (Marathi) 223,436 Marathi – (mar) Hinduism
46301 Yadava (Hindi) 215,284 Hindi – (hin) Hinduism
41588 Kolam 208,807 Urdu – (urd) Other Religions – Ethno-Religion
46253 Kunbi (Konkani) 202,755 Konkani (individual language) – (knn) Hinduism
41600 Pardhan 197,971 Bhili – (bhb) Other Religions – Ethno-Religion
41614 Kachchi 197,746 Malvi – (mup) Hinduism
47997 Bania, Agarwal (Hindi) 190,878 Hindi – (hin) Hinduism
41603 Kir 188,327 Mandeali – (mjl) Hinduism
47968 Kalal (Marathi) 187,454 Marathi – (mar) Hinduism
41606 Dhor 186,659 Marathi – (mar) Other Religions – Ethno-Religion
41539 Bharia Bhuma (Hindi) 185,878 Hindi – (hin) Hinduism
41425 Machhi 182,247 Marathi – (mar) Hinduism
41596 Khangar 178,558 Hindi – (hin) Hinduism – Other / Marginal
41576 Deshwali 176,524 Urdu – (urd) Islam
48124 Jat 174,795 Panjabi – (pan) Other Religions – Sikhism
41619 Pardhi 172,398 Gujarati – (guj) Other Religions – Ethno-Religion
46142 Rajput (Baghelkhandi) 169,681 Bagheli – (bfy) Hinduism
48261 Gond (Maria) 166,000 Maria (India) – (mrr) Hinduism
46046 Chamar (Malvi) 162,082 Malvi – (mup) Other Religions – Ethno-Religion
46006 Brahman (Bundelkhandi) 158,273 Bundeli – (bns) Hinduism
48191 Bairagi (Marathi) 155,182 Marathi – (mar) Hinduism
41429 Kasar 149,770 Marathi – (mar) Hinduism
46035 Chamar, Bhambi (Marathi) 147,334 Marathi – (mar) Other Religions – Ethno-Religion
41650 Kalota 146,248 Gujarati – (guj) Hinduism
46255 Kunbi (Nimadi) 144,505 Nimadi – (noe) Hinduism
46332 Yadava (Bundelkhandi) 142,041 Bundeli – (bns) Hinduism
46077 Mahratta (Marathi) 140,752 Marathi – (mar) Hinduism
48280 Jogi (Halbi) 136,742 Halbi – (hlb) Hinduism
41680 Lingader 129,126 Telugu – (tel) Other Religions – Ethno-Religion
41723 Holar 126,618 Marathi – (mar) Hinduism
48021 Bhat (Mewari) 126,322 Mewari – (mtr) Hinduism
48223 Bohra 125,750 Gujarati – (guj) Islam
46078 Mahratta (Marathi) 125,576 Marathi – (mar) Hinduism
46128 Rajput (Marathi) 123,721 Marathi – (mar) Hinduism
41699 Kaikadi 118,385 Kaikadi – (kep) Other Religions – Ethno-Religion
46081 Mahratta (Hindi) 118,046 Hindi – (hin) Hinduism
46204 Shaikh (Konkani) 115,947 Konkani (individual language) – (knn) Islam
48361 Lodha (Marathi) 113,921 Marathi – (mar) Hinduism
41708 Prabhu Kayastha 113,849 Marathi – (mar) Hinduism
47627 Shaikh (Nimadi) 111,293 Nimadi – (noe) Islam
41729 Saur 101,313 Hindi – (hin) Other Religions – Ethno-Religion
41733 Gachha 98,827 Hindi – (hin) Hinduism
48227 Dhanak 95,333 Hindi – (hin) Hinduism
48398 Nat (Baghelkhandi) 87,675 Bagheli – (bfy) Hinduism
48165 Pinjara (Marathi) 86,746 Marathi – (mar) Islam
41766 Chadar 82,233 Urdu – (urd) Other Religions – Ethno-Religion
48205 Bari (Hindi) 75,128 Hindi – (hin) Hinduism
41784 Dahait 74,665 Bundeli – (bns) Other Religions – Ethno-Religion
41789 Sonr 72,614 Bundeli – (bns) Other Religions – Ethno-Religion
41794 Payak 70,927 Malvi – (mup) Hinduism
41796 Chidar 70,362 Hindi – (hin) Other Religions – Ethno-Religion
41802 Madgi 68,405 Telugu – (tel) Other Religions – Ethno-Religion
41805 Kapewar 67,899 Telugu – (tel) Hinduism
41810 Kharol 66,686 Malvi – (mup) Hinduism
41538 Lakhera 65,270 Malvi – (mup) Hinduism
41824 Kanai 63,720 Urdu – (urd) Hinduism
41811 Garpagari 62,198 Marathi – (mar) Hinduism
48320 Khatri (Marathi) 60,697 Marathi – (mar) Hinduism
48206 Bari (Marathi) 59,767 Marathi – (mar) Hinduism
48157 Ansari-Momin (Hindi) 56,308 Hindi – (hin) Islam
41853 Manbhav 53,968 Marathi – (mar) Hinduism
41858 Gopal 53,648 Gujarati – (guj) Hinduism
41871 Bedar 49,780 Hindi – (hin) Other Religions – Ethno-Religion
41872 Naita 49,497 Malvi – (mup) Islam
41879 Bhampta 48,211 Telugu – (tel) Hinduism
41885 Silawat 47,192 Hindi – (hin) Other Religions – Ethno-Religion
41591 Gondhali 47,104 Marathi – (mar) Hinduism
41892 Mang Garodi 45,514 Marathi – (mar) Other Religions – Ethno-Religion
41898 Mala Jangam 45,115 Telugu – (tel) Other Religions – Ethno-Religion
41323 Bhat (Marathi) 44,919 Marathi – (mar) Hinduism
41902 Pindara 44,608 Urdu – (urd) Islam
41912 Prabhu Patane 43,224 Gujarati – (guj) Hinduism
41921 Moghia 42,553 Hindi – (hin) Other Religions – Ethno-Religion
41927 Garudi 41,371 Urdu – (urd) Hinduism
41930 Sikligar 40,995 Hindi – (hin) Other Religions – Ethno-Religion
41944 Patharwat 38,687 Telugu – (tel) Hinduism
41947 Ajna 38,046 Hindi – (hin) Hinduism
41974 Ojha 33,890 Telugu – (tel) Hinduism
41977 Berar 33,396 Telugu – (tel) Hinduism
41992 Baiswar 31,969 Hindi – (hin) Other Religions – Ethno-Religion
41996 Kolhati 31,211 Marathi – (mar) Hinduism
48287 Kachera (Baghelkhandi) 30,952 Bagheli – (bfy) Hinduism
48291 Kasar (Hindi) 30,015 Hindi – (hin) Hinduism
48210 Beldar (Baghelkhandi) 29,514 Bundeli – (bns) Hinduism
42012 Banchada 28,021 Hindi – (hin) Other Religions – Ethno-Religion
42015 Dora 27,880 Halbi – (hlb) Hinduism
42022 Bargunda 26,982 Telugu – (tel) Other Religions – Ethno-Religion
42089 Raute 25,960 Chhattisgarhi – (hne) Hinduism
42076 Ghisadi 22,070 Mewari – (mtr) Hinduism
42079 Dohor 21,457 Hindi – (hin) Other Religions – Ethno-Religion
42085 Rajbhar 20,863 Bhojpuri – (bho) Hinduism
48009 Bania (Bundelkhandhi) 20,682 Bundeli – (bns) Hinduism
42090 Dhurwa 20,485 Kudmali – (kyw) Hinduism
42131 Mawasi 16,397 Hindi – (hin) Other Religions – Ethno-Religion
48391 Hajjam (Hindi) 15,485 Hindi – (hin) Islam
42140 Mukri 15,382 Kannada – (kan) Other Religions – Ethno-Religion
42170 Pao 11,042 Chhattisgarhi – (hne) Other Religions – Ethno-Religion
48305 Kachchi (Marathi) 7,546 Marathi – (mar) Hinduism
48288 Kachera, Muslim 6,261 Urdu – (urd) Islam
48271 Dom (Marathi) 3,902 Marathi – (mar) Hinduism
48263 Gond, Muslim 3,879 Urdu – (urd) Islam
48302 Sutar (Marathi) 2,411 Marathi – (mar) Hinduism
47101 Mahar 2,135 Marathi – (mar) Hinduism

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Somvanshi_Pathare_Kshatriya

Somvanshi Kshatriya (Pathare Kshatriya) mh pages 1698-1702

The community trace their origin to Vlshwakarma. It is said that five brothers were living at Pavagadh nearly 30 kms from Baroda. Vishvakarma is said to be the father of these five sons (Manu, Maya, Twasta, Shilpi and Daivadnya). Vishavkarma, distributed the work among them: Manu for Ironwork, called the Ironsmlth; Maya for wooden work called carpenter; Twasta for copper work called coppersmith orTambat; Shilpi forstone carving called Shllpkar; Daivadnya for goldwork called goldsmith (Sonar).

The groups living in Maharashtra are the Somvanshlya Kshatriya Kasar and Jain Kasar who marry each other. The other groups like the Twasta Kasar marry among the Twastakasar only, Kansar with Kansar only. All these groups pursue the same occupation of making vessels of copper and brass.

 The Kansar are settled mainly in cities in Maharashtra. They are found in Bombay, Pune, Kolhapur and other part like Nashik, Ozar, Sugir, Nandurbar, Dhulia, Shahada, Toloda, Jalgaon, Raver, Bhusawal, Parala and Shlrur. The wastakasar orTambat are living mainly at Kolhapur, Pune. and Bombay of Maharashtra. The Somvanshiya Kshatriya Kasar are mainly at Satara and nearby districts whereas the Kansara or kasera live at Nashik, Ozar and northern Maharashtra. It is reported that the Panchal community also has the same professions and some of the cultural traits as Kasar. Other groups of Kansara, however do not Inter marry with Panchal.

The Pathare Kshatriya are one of the original  settlers of the island city of Bombay during the  thirteenth century. This community is identified  at the local level only in Mumbai City and its suburbs. The Somvanshiya Kshatriya Kasar are a member of The Tambat subgroup and are mainly engaged in selling vessels made of copper, brass, aluminum and steel. 

Normally the surnames of Somavanshis are Thanekar”, Raut, Chaudhari, Mahapatra (Mhatre), Save (Saave) and Gharatha. These are the six important families of Somavanshi Kshatriyas. Of these Thakurs were locatedin Mahim, Rauts in Bajipur, Chaudhari’s in Sopara, Mahapatra (Mhatre) in Nirmal region, and Saave in Kelva. Later some of these clans were segregated and were named as Vartak, Patil and those who went to Mumbai region were called Churi.

Here is a list of Somvanshi Pathare Kshatriya surnames:

  • Thanekar”
  • Kathe
  • Raut
  • Patil
  • Goregaonkar
  • Bhatte
  • Patke
  • Marketkar
  • Chogale
  • Bari
  • Mhatre
  • Mahant
  • Paralkar
  • Dadarkar
  • Date
  • Dhal
  • Worlikar
  • Chemburkar
  • Pathare
  • Mantri
  • Medhekar
  • Naik
  • Surnaik
  • Tekalkar
  • Thakur
  • Gharat
  • Pansare
  • Bhagat
  • Wani
  • Kemnaik
  • Kene
  • Gurav
  • Karbhari
  • Save
  • Pradhan
  • Raul
  • Chaulkar
  • Ovalekar

Some people use ‘kar’ after their names of place of origin or residence as their surnames

Their traditional profession is making locks and keys.

Sikligar sc pages 1213-1219

Sikligar (Siqliger) dl pages 645-647

Sikligar mh pages 1854-1859

Sikligar N-Z 3273-3281

They claim their origin from the Yadav.

Raute mh pages 1781-1784

Raute N-Z 2989-2990

Prabhu Patane mh pages 1703-1707

Pindara are distributed in Bhopal, Rasen and Sehor districts of Madhya Pradesh. They speak Urdu.

Pindara N-Z pages 2848-2850

A community of Madhya Pradesh, the Naita are traditionally agriculturists, oil-crushers, and businessmen. The community is divided into two endogamous groups, Patel Naita and Teli Naita.

Their conversion to Islam took place when Muslim feudal chiefs ruled over this region for a considerable period of time. The original group, Naita or Naida, directly lived under the influence of Muslim rulers and this led to a large-scale conversion to Islam. However, a considerable section remained Hindu. Persistence of some of the Hindu traditions has been a characteristic feature of the Naita. They are divided into a number of clans, like Silar, Goria, Khilchi, and Khamiat.

They are concentrated in the districts of Dewas, Ujjain, Dhar, Indore, and Khargone

They speak the Malvi language Urdu is taught at primary (madarsa) level in educational institutes.

The Naita profess Islam. A qazi, their religious head, conducts various social ceremonies.

 

Naita N-Z pages 2559-2560